Hair Loss Treatment for Men in Chandigarh
Hair loss brings with it all sorts of esteem and confidence issues. Both men and women are afflicted with this genetic problem . Women don’t suffer from receding hair lines as much as men do. It is men who go bald in more than ninety percent cases. Balding becomes a confidence damper for some people.
To help stop severe hair loss, Best Doctor for Hair Transplant in Chandigarh suggest various remedies, like oiling the scalp, medication, surgery. Which method will serve the purpose depends on the cause for hair loss.
Hair loss may be caused by a variety of reasons like deficiency of iron and Vitamin A, diet, stress, illness, medications. However genetics accounts for biggest cause for hair loss. While hair loss due to deficiency of iron or Vitamin A can be cured by taking supplements rich in Iron or Vitamin A as the case may be.
Due to Chemotherapy does not require any remedy except oiling. If you had healthy hair prior to chemotherapy. Genetically induced hair loss, on the other hand, won’t be affected by anything except surgical treatment.
Hair plantation in Chandigarh
Not just head hair, hair transplantation can also be used to restore eyelashes, eyebrows, beard hair, chest hair, pubic hair and to fill in scars caused by accidents or surgery so this is Best hair transplant treatment who recovers face-lifts and previous hair transplants or change hairlines and acquire attractive man.
Genetically induced balding anywhere on body or bald scars are not affected by oiling, taking supplements or applying only medicine. It will need surgical treatment and this can be done better with Best Hair Transplant Surgery in Chandigarh.
Even in genetically induced balding, only these category of people are advised to go for surgical treatment.
- Males with male-pattern baldness
- Females with Female-pattern baldness
- Anyone who has lost hair from burn or scalp injury or skin disease
- Anyone who wants to change or restore the shape of their hairline or eyebrows
- People who suffer hair loss after procedures like face lift
- People who want to correct unnatural hair from bad transplants
Pattern Baldness or Hair loss/ Androgenic Alopecia
It is called Male-pattern baldness or hair loss when it affects men and Female-pattern baldness.
Or hair loss when it affects women.
Male-Pattern Baldness or Hairloss/ Male Androgenic Alopecia
Male pattern baldness which is otherwise called androgenic alopecia is not a medical disorder.
But genetic predisposition of quite a large number of male to be sensitive to the effects of a highly potent male androgen called Di hydro testosterone.
In most men, around 3-5 percent of serum testosterone is converted to Di hydro testosterone,
hair loss treatment for men is importtant due to (DHT) by an enzyme called 5-alpha reeducates. To those sensitive to DHT, it acts like a toxin to the follicles present on the scalp causing there gradual shrinking. The only thing it affects besides hair is self-esteem.
As per statistics, more than half the men aged 50 suffer from male pattern baldness and around 30 % of young men in their 30s also suffer from MPHL or MPD.
Hair Loss Treatment for Men in Chandigarh
Male pattern baldness is related to your genes and male sex hormones called androgens. It terminates into thinning of hair and/or receding hairline. It is caused by sensitivity to androgens called Di-hydro-testosterone.
Female-Pattern Baldness or Hairloss/ Female Androgenic Alopecia
This hair loss usually manifests as hair shedding and/or thinning through parting. Hair transplant in Chandigarh is one of the better option for your hair loss treatment.
Just like male androgenic alopecia, hair loss in females is also caused by excess of androgens. In females, it is not easy to diagnose Female-pattern hairloss, so doctor will first rule hair loss due to other reasons like hormonal imbalance etc.
There are two kinds of surgical hair loss treatments used for hair grafting or hair transplant or hair restoration or hair implantation that are extensively used now a days. Both these procedures include harvesting hair follicles from “donor area” which is an area having most healthy hair follicle. And we have hair specialist doctor in Chandigarh
Since hair on back and side of the head are genetically resistant to balding, this is the region from where follicle is harvested, for grafting, to bald or thinning area. One method involves removing a strip of skin and hair and other involves removing individual follicles. In both cases number of grafts depends upon person and area needed to be treated. Both procedures give appearance of natural hair by emulating the original hair and it is the best treatment for hair loss
Both produce permanent results. By permanent, we mean, as permanent as hair can get. Transplanted hair retains the characteristics of original hair, in terms of colour and texture.
SCIENCE BEHIND SUCCESS OF TRANSPLANTATION
Follicle is a tiny hole in which each strand of hair sits. There are around 1,00,000-1,50,000 folllicles in the scalp which follow cycles of growth and rest. Growth phase (Anagen phase) lasts about 3 years during which hair grows in length and thickness.
Which is followed by a transition phase called Catagen phase, which lasts for 1-2 weeks. During this phase shrivelling of base of follicle takes places and lastly rest phase .(Telogen phase) lasts upto 90 days in which hair terminates its growth phase and falls out. With our best hair transplant in chandigarh you can terminates your hair fallout easily.
Generally hair thinning and eventually baldness occurs when hair follicle shrink. Over time resulting in each hair growing thinner than the previous one and growth phase of each hair growing shorter. After a continuous and long period of exposition of DHT to follicles, follicles shrink to such a level that hair does not grow out of surface giving appearance of baldness, though research has proven that follicles remain alive.
Follicular Unit Transfer (FUT) or Strip Surgery
This method requires removal of a short strip of skin from the donor area (area having hair which is genetically resistant to falling) which is usually back of the head. Only when there isn’t enough donor hair at the back of the head, other areas are considered. This strip also called suture or donor strip is cut into smaller groups of naturally occurring 1-4 hair (called follicular unit) which is implanted in the recipient area in order to recreate natural hairline. After this doctor prepares the bald area by making tiny holes in the scalp for placement of graft. It is positioning, arrangement and alignment of the grafts that determines aesthetic quality of transplant. Any mistake in positioning will lead to pluggy or unnatural appearance.
Steps undertaken during FUT:
- Donor area is prepared for supplying donor or suture strip.
- Local anesthesia is injected to minimize discomfort.
- Surgeon cuts the strip of skin according to the number of grafts needed to achieve satisfactory fullness.
- The remaining skin is stitched together with extreme finesse so that lightest possible scar is left after the procedure and also to ensure that maximum amount of hair remain for further procedures. In any case this scar is hidden by surrounding hair.
- The donor strip is cut into groups of 1-4 hair (or follicular units) via stereo-microscopic dissection for their implantation into the recipient site. It is important to dissect whole of the follicular unit intact in order to promote hair growth after transplantation.
- The follicular units are placed in holding solution to maintain their viability while tiny holes are created in the recipient site for placement of follicular units.
- These holes are created in such a way as to promote the growth of hair in the follicular in its natural orientation.
- Pressure bandages are then applied.
- Redness, Swelling, Scabbing and discomfort normally lasts a fortnight
FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION
This procedure requires individual follicular units to be harvested from the donor site one at a time and then implanting them into recipient site one at a time. This method is called minimally invasive method because a tiny circular incision is made around the follicular unit to isolate the graft resulting in hundred or thousand of round holes from where follicles are harvested. Any operation leads to some pain but comparatively pain and recovery time in FUE procedure is less than FUT procedure.
STEPS UNDERTAKEN DURING FUE:
- Hair in the donor area are trimmed short so as to make it easier on the surgeon to visualize and extract the follicular units which are a group of 1-4 hair
- Local anaesthesia is injected to minimize discomfort.
- Different surgeons use different tools like Neograft, Smart graft, SAFE system, ARTAS, Ugraft, WAW FUE, FUE2 crown, manual punch, crown punch etc to help in harvesting.
- Of these handheld tools, most commonly used are Neograft and Smart graft which use suction to remove the individual grafts from scalp of donor area.
- Individual follicular units are harvested and placed in holding solution.
- Small incisions are made in the recipient area in keeping with the patient’s natural growth pattern.
- Follicular units are grafted into the tiny incisions in way that they grow in their natural orientation.
- Pressure bandages are then applied.
- Redness, Swelling, Scabbing and discomfort normally lasts a fortnight
HOW DOES NEOGRAFT WORK?
Neograft is a handheld device which uses a tiny punch that applies suction to extract follicles from the donor area. Its multiple angle extraction tools helps in extraction of hair grafts having different orientations and sizes. This technique has reduced the time needed to perform FUE as also the discomfort experienced by the patients and creates natural results. While time taken is significantly reduced but it still depends on the number of grafts needed to be done. The more the grafts, the more the time.
Why does hair fall out?
One thing you need to understand is there are two types of hair falling—One is permanent while other is temporary. Temporary hair fall may be attributed to a variety of causes like stress, accident, deficiency/excess of vitamins, deficiency of iron, severe illness, chemotherapy, anemia, thyroid problem, scalp infections, medications like high doses of Vitamin A, steroids, blood thinners, . It is curable and hall fall stops just as soon as the underlying reason subsides.
Permanent hair loss is primarily hereditary i.e. there has been a history of hair loss in your ancestors. It is not curable but treatable unlike temporary hair loss which is curable.
Does thinning of hair causes hair loss?
Yes, progressive thinning of hair causes hair loss to the point of causing baldness.
Which parts of body are most susceptible to balding?
Mostly crown area of head and frontal hair line. However eyebrows, eyelashes, pubic hair, chest hair are also to some extent susceptible to balding. Transplantation is also helpful in covering scars caused by burn or other wounds.
Who cannot get hair transplant?
While most people are eligible to have hair transplant, the procedures currently being used by doctors are best suited for people suffering from male/female- pattern baldness. One necessity for undergoing this procedure is predictability and stability of hair loss. Where the hair loss is uncertain and unpredictable, your doctor will not suggest hair transplant, but will advise you to opt for medical therapy till somewhat stable picture of pattern of hair loss appears.
People who do not have enough donor hair: In hair transplantation, hair follicles from a donor area are implanted to the recipient area. Before starting the procedure, the doctor will have to ensure that you have enough donor hair to cover the current bald area as well as cover any future baldness that might appear with time.
Patients having tight scalp: Loose scalp promotes the possibility of a successful hair transplant while the tighter your scalp is, the harder it is for the surgeons to implant new hair follicles.
How many session of hair transplant will I need?
It really depends on the area to be covered. Degree of baldness and the procedure you have chosen determine the number/ time of session. Transplant, specifically FUE, is very time consuming and taxing on the doctor. Strip Transplant, on the other hand, takes lesser but its recovery period increases. Typically one day sessions are more than enough but in case of heavy baldness, two days may be needed to achieve satisfactory “fullness”.
SUITABLE AGE GROUP
Evident hair loss, in some men, starts as early as 20s, while for most men it starts well after they are 35. Genetics is the main cause of hairloss and it can start working at any age. Women are genetically more resistant to balding as compared to men. It is really not your age but the degree, pattern of hair loss and the cause for your hair loss. If your hair loss is established to be a genetic male pattern hair loss you can get an evaluation for medical or surgical or both treatment options. Having said that usually most doctors prefer to not do surgery until age 23.
I am in my 20s, should I get hair transplant?
Different surgeons have different opinions. Some typically don’t operate till aspirant achieves, say 25 years of age. While others believe age is not that big a criteria if other factors favour transplantation. Most people in their 20s are advised to take corrective measures instead of going for surgery. Your doctor will most probably put you on medication that treats hair loss and boosts hair growth. Even if one goes for transplantation, it is important to continue any medical therapy that the doctor might recommend so the hair around the transplanted are do not fall out. Only in the cases of family history of baldness occurring at a young age, will a doctor recommend going under the knife as it becomes easier for the doctor to predict future hair loss.
Best hair transplant treatment
The reason for not preferring hair transplant in young people is progressive nature of hair loss and difficulty in predicting the extent and rate of hair loss as patient ages. If you get hair transplant when hair loss has still not shown the pattern it is following, you run the risk of presenting an unnatural image. Area transplanted with new hair will continue to have hair while hair loss might start occurring at other area giving a very unnatural look.
The hair transplant procedure does not prevent further loss from non-transplanted areas. If an individual is actively losing hair, he may expect that pattern of hair loss to continue. Due to uncertain nature of hair loss (especially in young people), patients should be made aware of need for future transplants. Also there is limited supply of donor hair, which will make future transplants difficult.
What is the right age for hair transplanting?
To determine the right age for corrective hair measures, doctor has to consider degree, pattern of hair loss, person’s history of hair loss, family history of hair loss, any medical history contributing to baldness. The key is in estimating what the patient’s future hair loss might be and the availability of enough donor hair that can cover current as well as future hair loss.
Hair transplant has become increasingly common being adopted by film/ television stars. Hair transplantation in men in their 20’s is not preferred as they are still losing hair………………..
Do transplanted fall out?
Yes, they do. Sometimes the first batch of grafted hair falls out as they are unable to withstand the shock of being transplanted. However the new hair that grows out of the follicles will have same life as the hair in donor site.
Can the hair be taken from any part of body?
No. The reason you are going for transplantation is that follicles of some part of your head or eyebrows etc are unable to regrow hair, and that area is turning bald. So the whole object of transplantation is harvesting and transplanting only those hair that remain where they are meant to be for long periods of time. For this hair from only that part of body are harvested that are immune to hair loss causing hormones. One such part of the body is side and back of the head. Also density of the hair in the donor site is of important consideration. Regard is also had to the density of hair in the recipient site.
What is the recovery period after transplant?
Recovery period after transplant depends on patient and technique used. In Follicular Unit Transfer (FUT or strip procedure) donor site is covered by surrounding hair, so the scar at the back is not visible but the wound takes a week to fortnight to heal depending upon individual healing capacity. However the scabbing, swelling and redness at the recipient area is visible and generally takes 5-7 days to heal. Here, though, donor site remains hidden but the tiny hair at the recipient site show the difference until they grow long enough to match the hair in the other area.
In Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE), hair on the side and back of the head (donor site) is usually shaved very short, so the sutures from where follicles to be implanted are harvested remain visible unlike FUT where the wound is covered by surrounding hair.
FUE Hair Transplant Technique Chandigarh
The holes heal fast, say with in 2-3 days. Here also bruising, swelling, scabbing and discomfort at/ around the implanted area remains visible and takes 5-7 days time to heal completely. After this procedure, people get up and about in 2-3 days time since whole head gives shaved look, so only acquaintances can tell the “before and after” difference.
Variation in both the methods depends on patient’s individual capacity to heal and the area that is transplanted with new hair. Pressure bandages are applied for first 2-3 days in both procedures.
Post Operative Care
Proper post operative care is essential to ensure lasting results. Follow doctor’s advice to the T. Some doctors advise commencing shampooing 2 days after the surgery while some after 1 day. It’s an individual choice but keep in mind, hygiene is important. Shampooing is necessary so scabs are removed new scabs are not formed around the newly transplanted area, which in turn will not inhibit the growth of newly transplanted follicles in the recipient site. But scabs must not removed by force. Scalp needs to be protected from sunlight and infection. Patient may be put on antibiotics for a few days to ward off any danger of infection.
HAIR TRANSPLANT GROWTH TIMELINE
Granted that waiting for hair re-growth is period marked with anxiety but the rate of hair growth after the transplant depends upon patient’s hair follicle’s normal growth phase.
Hair plantation in Chandigarh uses unique techniques for hair transplant.
Most of the transplanted hair go through a shock phase owing to their removing and transplantation and may fall out. After this the growth of new hair starts and it usually takes a year to get a final look as all hair grows in cycles. Although hair growth pattern is uncertain but still this year is divided into three phases:
Dormant (Telogen) Phase: This is phase where the newly transplanted hair falls out and no new growth is seen although regrowth starts to occur. It usually lasts about 1-4 months.
Emergent Phase: New growth is seen and usually takes from 4-8 months. Hairs that grow out are very fine. Not all transplanted hair grows at same rate or time.
Maturation: Between next 8-12 months, hair gain length and density as it matures and start looking like hair in the donor area appear.
After this hair continue to grow in length. Patience is the key here as you will not see good results until after a year has passed.
Which hair is resistant to DHT? Or which hair does not fall out?
Hair at the side and back of head and hair at the side of ears.
SYMPTOMS OF HAIR LOSS
Hair loss occurs in different ways. It can be sudden or gradual, affect part or whole of the body. It can temporary or permanent.
Gradual thinning of hair to the point of hairline receding backwards in the shape of M. Consequently resulting in a horseshoe shaped pattern at the side and back of head that leaves crown of the head exposed.
When to see a doctor?
Though hair loss is progressive and may result in baldness, it is not necessary to undergo any treatment if you are comfortable with your appearance. However if it is making you anxious, see a doctor as soon as you start noticing.
- Rapid hair loss
- Widespread shedding after combing or brushing
- A new medicine that you have started is causing hair loss
- Hair loss is accompanied with itching, swelling, skin irritation, redness, scaling etc.
- Genes at play
The sooner you consult a doctor, more chances are there that you might not need to undergo surgery and your condition might get improved or even reversed via medical therapy.
Can I take medicines instead of going for hair transplant?
Depends on the stage of hair loss. If your doctor believes your hair loss can be stopped and hair growth can be stimulated, he might put you on medicines before suggesting transplant.
Best hair transplant treatment includes two of the most commonly used medicines prescribed for hair loss are:-
Minoxidil (Rogaine): It is a vasodilator solution which is applied directly on the scalp. It promotes hair growth by widening the hair follicle resulting in thicker strand of hair and gradually prevents hair loss by prolonging the growth phase of hair follicles. One downside of using this drug is patient looses growth and hair in 4 to 6 months of its discontinuance. This medicine is not advised to pregnant and nursing women, patients suffering from hypersensitivity to any of its compounds.
Possible side effects of Minodixil are:-
- Scaling of scalp and burning sensation on it.
- Problems in respiration and laboured breathing while lying down.
- Increased heartbeat
- Chest pain
- Swelling in various body parts
- Weight gain
If you notice any of these side effects persisting, consult a doctor.
Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar): This medicine works by decreasing the amount of natural body hormone (DHT) which inhibits new hair growth. Thereby increasing hair growth and lowering hair loss. This medicine should only be taken by adult men. It is not prescribed to children.
Some of its side effects include:-
- Rreduced sex drive.
- Inability to get erection.
- Rashes and hives
- Breast tenderness
- Swelling of some body parts
- Painful ejaculation breast growth
So check with your doctor before continuing its use. Hair loss returns when you stop using this medicine.
Average cost of hair transplantation?
Cost depends upon the following factors:-
- Procedure: Cost varies with the procedure chosen. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is expensive as compared to Follicular Unit Transfer (FUT). Since in the first procedure, individual follicle is extracted and then implanted and in the latter procedure, a strip of skin is taken out and cut into appropriate sizes. First consumes more time, needs better expertise and latest technological apparatus.
- Area to be treated: Number of grafts depends upon the area to be treated. The larger the bald area more is the number of grafts needed which increases the cost.
- Density of hair. Again number of grafts depends upon the density of hair needed to be achieved in the bald area.
Can I have donor hair from another person?
Good question but not much research has been done into this possibility. While some surgeons are of the view that it is possible, few have even claimed to have successfully performed such surgery. Others are of the opinion that body will reject the transplanted follicles leading to unsuccessful implantation. The right answer is still elusive.
What do I need to do before hair transplantation?
Since it takes time for newly transplanted hair to grow long enough to match the usual length of your hair, patients are usually advised to wear their hair short for quite some time before the procedure, so the blending of new hair takes place faster and the difference is much less noticeable.
Can hair loss be prevented?
Hair loss through stress, allergy from a medicine, illness can be prevented by avoiding the things that cause hair loss but hair loss due to male pattern baldness can not be prevented since alopecia is a genetically determined disorder and so long as you continue to have same genes, you will have to suffer through that hair loss.
How to distinguish between hair loss from stress, allergy from medicine and hair loss from MPB?
Hair loss from non- genetic causes happen much faster than hair loss from MPB which is gradual in its onset and which usually starts at temple and forms an M like shape of hair on the scalp.
How is severity of hair loss determined?
There are many systems through which doctors estimate the severity of hair loss. Some systems are based on calculating the receding hairline while others take into account multiple factors. Norwood-Hamilton and Ludwig systems are two systems that are being widely used to determine the severity of hair loss. Finding severity of hair loss is different from finding causes for hair loss, for which doctors usually run tests on you.
Norwood-Hamilton classification is for males and Ludwig classification is for females.
CELEBRITIES WHO HAVE UNDERGONE HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
Celebrities across the globe are increasingly making use of this delightful technology to undo the effects of age and maintaining their hold over the people. Initially celebrities with advanced hair loss preferred to go for transplantation but now trend of men having full head of hair are also going for implantation to give their hair more fullness is also emerging. Some celebrities who have undergone this procedure are Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Virender Sehwag, Harsha Bhogle, Sanjay Dutt, HImesh Reshammaiya, Kapil Sharma, Aditya Pancholi, Govida, Abhijeet Bhattacharya, Hugh Laurie, Nicholas Cage, John Travolta, Tom Hanks, Jude Law, Kevin Costner to name a few.
How hair transplant has affected the lives of patients?
Hair transplantation may be a small procedure but it has had tremendous impact on lives of people who have undergone this procedure. Some people like celebrities have it done to improve their public appearance which in turn will help their career take off while some just do it to feel good. The reasons for people to undergo implantation may vary but all have reported a boost in their confidence whenever they go out. People have felt more confident after the procedure which reflects in their attitude towards personal and professional life both. Patients tend to live fuller lives afterwards, have better sense of self worth.
ALTERNATE TO HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
There is a relatively new technique called PRP (Platelet rich plasma) therapy new technique that has had tremendous rate of success in the field of transplantation. Platelets are known to contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors which help in healing injuries, stimulating growth etc. PRP as the name suggests is plasma that has higher ratio of platelets than are normally found in blood, which makes it very potent.
PRP technique has been widely used to treat chronic tendon injuries, as our hair specialist in chandigarh acute ligament and muscle injuries. It accelerates the process of healing in fractures and surgeries. Now-a-days, PRP therapy is also being used to regrow hair. And the results are astonishing.
Best hair loss treatment in Chandigarh
In this technique, your blood is drawn and platelets from it are separated from other cells (red blood cells, white blood cells) by centrifugation. These platelets are mixed in a solution in a ratio that is higher than what is found in blood. This solution then is injected in the scalp to activate the inactive or newly transplanted (this therapy can be used to supplement surgical hair transplantation as well as hair loss medication) hair follicles to enter into growth phase.
The platelet rich solution is injected in the area to be treated. For hair loss, it is injected in the scalp.
This non surgical treatment is fast gaining recognition in the fields of recovery and hair transplantation. It has no side effects but will need to be repeated at regular intervals to keep the stimulation going.
Does PRP therapy produce permanent results?
The duration of effectiveness of PRP therapy depends upon nature of cause of hair loss. When the cause is genetic, multiple sessions may be needed as genes would continuously be working to overcome the effects of PRP. However, when cause is non-genetic, results probably last longer.
Post PRP care?
Since it is non-surgical treatment, discomfort and pain associated with the every surgery is a non-issue here. However, some pain may be experienced in the area where PRP solution is injected. Other than that, you will be advised to stay out of sun for a few days and some redness may be observed around that area. The greatest advantage of this procedure besides it being non-surgical method is no downtime. You are good to go just as soon as you come out of doctors.
I am completely bald, can I regrow hair?
In case of alopecia universalis (complete hair loss), there can be no hair transplantation as there are no available donor hair, so FUT, FUE are of no use. In such cases, your doctor will suggest you to go for Scalp micro pigmentation (SMP) or Hair Tattooing. It is a non-invasive technique which involves tattooing the scalp with tiny dots that give appearance of stubble. The downside of this procedure is that it needs to be redone after every 1.5-2 years, since penetration is not as deep as done in normal tattooing.
HAIR STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION
This technique works on the principle that stem cells in the follicle are regenerative and to regenerate, they do not need entire collection of stem cells present in the follicle. Hence, in this method only part of the stem cells in a follicle are removed from donor area and transplanted into bald area.
Best hair loss treatment in Chandigarh promotes growth both in the recipient area as well as donor area. One of the biggest advantages of this procedure is hair follicles in the donor area are also replenished as stem cells left in the follicles in the donor area regenerate to form new hair making future transplants easy. However, the quality of hair formed after this procedure at both areas is subject to some consternation.
This technique involves extracting hair follicles form the donor area and cloning them using various culturing methods. The new hairs formed are injected into the bald area. This technique sounds promising but unfortunately it is still in the stage of researches.