Best Dentist in Chandigarh-How to Choose the Best Dentist
Dental implants Chandigarh treats Dental Problems
If smile is the ultimate jewellery you can wear, good teeth is what ads shine to it. But the sad part about makeup of tooth is they can only heal themselves to a very limited extent, no need to worry though, with the help of our recommendations of best dentists in Chandigarh you can keep them for a very long period of time .
Teeth are made up of minerals for the most part and healing is the forte of cells. Cells are only found at their roots, what little healing can take place happens only at the root. Leaving the upper part of the tooth exposed to what we eat and how we maintain our oral hygiene.
Due to inability of a tooth to heal it-self, any problem that may arise in respect to them, will have to be treated by the dentist (check out best dental clinics in Chandigarh). Home remedies don’t work on them. Some of the commonly and not so commonly seen tooth problems are being discussed below along with their symptoms and what top 10 dentists in chandigarh usually recommend in such cases but be cautioned this information is general and your particular condition may need a different approach than is shown here.
Cavities and Treatment of Dental Cavities
Cavities are the holes in the teeth. When bacteria present in the mouth comes in contact with sugar and fermentable carbohydrates found in soda. Bread, candy, cereals, it produces an acid that clings to the teeth as plaque .Which first causes dissolution of protective calcium and phosphate layer on the teeth. (enamel) And then slowly decays the tooth to result in hole aka cavity. Excessive weakening may also result in crack or chipping off of the teeth.
Children are more at risk of getting cavities because of their eating habits and it is often to maintain required oral hygiene with them or prevent them from indulging in sugary delights. Most dentists recommend regular dental checkup for children to prevent cavities or other dental problems from occurring, we are bringing before you some of the Best Dental Clinics in Chandigarh . who can help your and your kids teeth in pristine condition.
In adults, receding gums or dry mouth increases the risk of getting cavities.
SYMPTOMS OF CAVITIES
Cavities are clearly visible when you inspect your teeth a little thoroughly and in case you haven’t looked deep enough, here are some of the common symptoms of cavities.
- Prickly sensation when you eat something cold or hot
- Bad breath
Best dentist in Chandigarh and their treatments
Best dentists in Chandigarh tell us that treatment depends upon severity of decay. In the earlier stages of decay, your dentist will certainly only fortify your teeth’s enamel with calcium or fluoride, making it more resistant to action of demineralization causing acid.
If fortification is not working or fortification won’t solve the pupose, dentists recommend treatment depending upon the extent of decay. When the decay has not reached the pulp or nerve of teeth, filling does the job. This process involves drilling out the decay and filling the hole with special amalgam which our dental implants chandigarh does in proper way with silver alloy or composite resin or ionomers or ceramics or even gold.
Cavity, if left untreated, will advance to pulp, which is found in the centre of the tooth and contains living tissues, blood vessels and cells. Pulp’s primary function is formation of dentin and in case of trauma, it acts as secondary dentin, it also prevents the teeth from becoming too brittle, by supplying nutrients and moisture to it. When pulp gets affected/exposed by decay, three types of treatments are possible:
- Pulp Capping
- Root Canal
Pulp Capping is done in two ways: – Direct Pulp Capping and Indirect Pulp Capping.
Direct Pulp Capping is done to prevent Pulpitis when the pulp area gets exposed while removing decay. Pulpitis is an irreversible condition causing pain and necrosis (condition in which circulation to dentin gets compromised), which necessitates either root canal (when tooth is still salvageable) or extraction of tooth (when the decay of tooth is beyond repair) to treat the condition.
In Direct Pulp Capping, a protective layer is placed directly over the exposed pulp to protect it from infection. Over this layer, endodontist will place a temporary or permanent dental filling in the hopes of stimulating the generation of protective dentin layer which is necessary for recovery of the tooth and for maintaining its vitality.
Indirect Pulp Capping is done when Pulp area does not get exposed and a layer of hard discoloured material remains on the pulp tissue. Best dental implant surgeons in Chandigarh tell us that it is always beneficial for the preservation of vitality of tooth that deepest affected layer of dentin should remain i.e. pulp does not get exposed. Due to retention of deepest layer, rate of recovery after the capping also increases.
In this procedure, a disinfectant is first applied on the deepest decayed dentin layer followed by a binding agent and then dental filling is placed on the top to promote generation of tertiary layer of dentin.
These advanced dental care centres in Chandigarh are known for their expertise in pulp capping.
Perfect and specialized dentists make best treatment of dental cavities.
If Pulp capping is not an option for the patient, your dentist will then suggest Root Canal and there is nothing scary about a root canal. Your endodontist numbs the area using a local anaesthesia to prevent any sensation of pain. So it’s pretty pain less, quick and very effective treatment.
Dentists in Chandigarh prefer Root Canal when tooth gets infected, inflamed, develops cracks or is damaged due to repeated dental procedures, trauma to the tooth (which disturbs lymphatic and blood supply to the pulp) or root fracture. Root canal is a way to save and repair a badly damaged tooth.
PROCEDURE OF ROOT CANAL
- Dentist performs an X-Ray to find out about the extent of damage
- Applies local anaesthesia to numb the infected tooth and surrounding area.
- Places a dental bridge (rubber or vinyl sheet) over the tooth to separate it from other teeth and to keep it away from the bacteria present in saliva, so treatment can be carried out in sterile environment.
- Pulpectomy is performed in which front teeth are drilled from the back and molars/ pre-molars are drilled from the crown to remove all of the infected material from the pulp chamber and root canal of the teeth.
- Root canal and Pulp Chamber are disinfected using disinfectants.
- The cleaned portion of the tooth is shaped to make it ready for receiving the filling like gutta-percha. After putting the filling, the tooth is sealed to prevent it from getting infection from the bacteria present in the mouth.
- The drilled area in the teeth which was used to provide access to the root canal is sealed too. Dental bridge is removed in the end.
- Dental clinics in chandigarh prescribe antibiotics to fight any infection that may creep up and pain killers to manage pain which does not last very long.
- In case, dentist finds that tooth even after root canal treatment is not strong enough to provide structural support, he/she may add metal or plastic rod.
BENEFITS OF ROOT CANAL
- This restored tooth lasts a long time if proper care and caution is exercised. It does not mean that restored tooth will be immune to ravages of food you eat.
- It is inexpensive and saves the dying tooth from extraction which retains the structural support to rest of the teeth.
- Natural teeth alignment is maintained.
Tooth is extracted only as a last resort when it gets too damaged to be salvaged via Pulp capping or Root canal. Tooth can also be extracted to correct the alignment of teeth or if the tooth is not breaking out of the root. It’s a quick procedure and one that results in permanent pain relief so far as that tooth is concerned.
Procedure of tooth extraction with best dentists in Chandigarh
- The tooth, surrounding nerve is numbed using anaesthesia, sometimes a stronger anaesthesia may be used to make you sleep through the procedure.
- Tooth is rocked back and forth to loosen it from its socket to aid in its extraction.
- When the socket loosens enough, tooth is pulled out and the newly empty space is cleaned out to remove any residual material that may later on result in cyst formation. The process of cleaning the socket is called Curetage.
- Socket is then gently pressed to restore its original shape.
- Stitches are given only in case of surgical removal or where a number of teeth are extracted.
- Gauze is placed on the socket and you will be asked to press down on it to control bleeding.
- You may be advised to use ice pack if you have swelling, pain killers for pain and antibiotics to prevent any infection from taking root.
- You may be advised not to touch that area with tongue as that increases the risk of reopening of wound.
GUM DISEASE (PERIODONTITIS) –CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
Gum Disease or Periodontitis is inflammation of gum and periodontal tissues surrounding the teeth. The inflammation is caused by bacteria present in the plaque that gets deposited on the teeth due to poor oral hygiene.
SYMPTOMS OF GUM DISEASE
- Red, swollen and tender gums
- Gums bleed easily while brushing
- Bad breath
- Bad taste in mouth
- Loose teeth
- Pain while chewing food
- Tooth become sensitive to hot or cold temperature
- Alteration in way teeth are joined
- Pus formation around teeth
- Receding gums
TYPES OF GUM DISEASE
Gum Disease is of two types:-
GINGIVITIS: Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease and is characterized by swelling and redness. Patient may or may not experience pain. Gingivitis is easily curable as bone and connecting tissues are not yet affected by the plaque build up.
Periodontitis: If Gingivitis is left untreated, it deteriorates into Periodontitis. Bacteria in the plaque continue to produce toxins which irritate the gum, causing gums to recede resulting in formation of periodontal pockets. Plaque enters this pocket and continues its damage, pockets keep getting deeper as gums keep receding, giving way to the plaque to effect the bone. Continuous onslaught of bacteria destroys the bone holding the tooth in place and connecting tissues causing tooth to fall out. When gum disease reaches the stage of Periodontitis, immediate treatment becomes necessary to save the tooth.
GINGIVAL FLAP SURGERY:-
In cases of severe Periodontitis, when root planning and scaling does not cure the condition, dentists may opt for Gingival Flap Surgery. In this procedure, gums are pulled to give access to the root of the tooth and bone supporting it to remove the inflamed tissue, plaque, tartar and any infection from bone and root. After cleaning the root and bone thoroughly, gums are placed back in their original position. Antibiotics, painkillers and some precautions are prescribed to eliminate the risk of infection and to manage the pain and for quick recovery.
IRREGULAR TEETH: TREATMENT OR CORRECTION
Sometimes teeth are naturally found in crowed and crooked position. Such irregular alignment of teeth leads to problems in jaw structure, muscle strain and uneven wear and tear of teeth. To bring teeth into correct position dentist may either opt to prescribe braces or wire depending upon individual patient and might also removes teeth to make the alignment proper.
Treatment of Teeth Whitening through best dental clinics in chandigarh
When enamel of teeth gets coloured due to drinking tea, coffee, soda, tobacco, smoking etc, it is called staining. But when the dentin of the teeth gets a yellow colour, it is called having yellow teeth. This yellow colour of dentin reflects out from the enamel to give appearance of yellow teeth. Dentin tends to turn darker as you age, or it may be result of teeth coming in contact with high levels of fluoride, developmental disorders, root canal problems, restorations, and trauma.
Staining is removed via Extrinsic Whitening which is a simple process. Dentist may either polish your teeth or prescribe you some whitening toothpaste depending upon the level of staining. Staining is relatively easy to remove and your dentist may not take more than a sitting to achieve desired results.
Dentists in Chandigarh solves problems relating teeth whitening
Intrinsic Whitening whitens the dentin. Dentin is whitened using a bleaching gel that soaks deep in the teeth to reach dentin and lightens its colour. This lightened colour is reflected from the enamel making the teeth appear whiter. Dentist covers the gums to protect it from the bleaching gel and take great care in choosing the bleaching gel that does not harm the enamel. Depending upon the level of yellowness, total treatment can take upto four weeks. Patient will have to continue the treatment as advised by the dentist to retain the results.
Teeth Whitening can last a long time if proper precautions and dental hygiene is taken care of. They are not permanent since factors that led to darkening of dentin or staining, continue to work to darken or stain.
Lasers are now being used to quicken the time of action of the whitening gel and its proving to be quite effective. Whitening is more effective for people without any restorations.
SIDE EFFECTS OF TEETH WHITENING
There are no permanent side effects of teeth whitening when done in consultation with a dentist. But temporarily the patient may experience gum swelling and sensitivity, which will subside on their own in a couple of days.
Dental care clinics in Chandigarh for CHIPPED TOOTH
Enamel is the hardest part of the tooth but for all its hardness, it does have some limits. Enamel may break away if you chew on something hard especially .When there is some decay in the teeth, or hitting something or falling face first.
Or having old filling that no longer supports the whole tooth.
Treatment depends upon the level of chipping. If only some portion of enamel has chipped and there is no pain.
You can opt not to go see a dentist if you don’t want to but if there is pain, you must see a dentist as soon as possible. Dentist, after checking the severity, may either just polish the broken edges to make them smooth, if the enamel chipped is too small.
Causes and treatment of best dental care clinics in chandigarh
Or dentist may bound a tooth colour composite resin at the chipped portion. Dentist may use a filling to correct the teeth. Which treatment is needed depends upon individual case.
If the chipping has exposed the dentin, then the dentist most probably will opt for veneers. Veneers include a thin tooth-coloured porcelain or composite resin material that covers the front portion of the tooth and a thick section that a thick section that covers the broken part. Veneers are usually opted for when the damage is too extensive for bonding procedure or when bonding has been broken several times. Once veneer is done, it lasts for 10-20 years.
Dental clinic in Chandigarh treats broken tooth or root canal
If whole of the tooth has broken off but root remains intact, dentist will first perform a root canal therapy and then place the crown.If the tooth has chipped till the root, crowns are usually chosen as the preferred treatment. For this, dentist smoothens the remaining part of the tooth and covers it with crown, or tooth coloured cap.
Permanent crown is made of porcelain fused with metal. If a big portion of tooth has broken off, dentist may place a filling to make base for the crown so that it can hold the crown in place. It takes at least two sessions to install a permanent crown.
In the first sitting after the filling, a temporary crown is placed made of acrylic and impression of tooth receiving the crown is sent for production of permanent crown. In the next session, temporary crown is taken out and permanent crown is placed in its place.
Best dentist in Chandigarh treatment for cracked tooth and their causes and prevention
If you feel sharp pain once you release the pressure of bite, you may have cracked tooth. Crack usually start at the surface and if left untreated, extend to the roots and may lead to loosening of the teeth.
You may get cracked tooth:-
- If you chew on something too hard
- You get a blow on your jaw
- You have had fillings that in course of time weaken the tooth
- If your teeth are applying too much pressure on a tooth, it cracks
- When you are in a habit of grinding your teeth, you teeth may crack
- If you have had root canal
- Extreme and sudden change of temperature of mouth
Treatment of Dental Cavities
Patients feel sharp pain slicing through the jaw and are most of the times unable to pinpoint the problem tooth. Cracked tooth are difficult to locate even by X-Rays. Dentist use an instrument called Explorer to check if the tooth has crack.
Another problem with cracked tooth is that it is sporadic; you might feel pain only while chewing certain things and rest of the time teeth appear to be perfectly alright. Due to which, many people don’t chose to get any treatment. This crack keeps getting deeper and reaches the pulp area.
Dental cavity treatment
Bonding: If the crack is small, it can be filled with resin.When the crack reaches pulp area, due to pressure applied while biting, pulp starts getting irritated. If crack is not given timely medical assistance. The nerve and blood vessels in the pulp may get damaged beyond repair. Lack of treatment may cause crack to develop till the gum line. After which tooth no longer remains salvageable and will have to be extracted.
Veneers: If the crack is slightly longer, veneers can be put on the teeth.
To give support and prevent crack from increasing.
Crown: If the crack has grown in size to reach the pulp, crown need to be placed without filling.
Root Canal: If the damage has started destroying nerve and blood vessels, only root canal can save the tooth.
Extraction: A severely damaged tooth cannot be treated and will need to taken out.
- Wear a mouth guard
- Stop grinding and clenching your teeth